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According to democratic theory, policy responsiveness is a key characteristic of democratic government: citizens’ preferences should affect policy outcomes. of a constituency by a member of congress or parliament, or the representation of a people by its legislature or executive, and both are responsive, electorally controlled relationships. Government is to be a government of responsive representers: that is, a government of individuals who are elected to track and respond to their constituencies. decision-making stage, institutional friction will increase and policy responsiveness will decrease since the capacity of policymakers to respond to the public’s demands will be lower (Jones et al . To rule out alternative explanations, we control for factors that may also condition legislative responsiveness. They include state-level policies toward public and private sector unions, state fixed effects, rich district socio-demographics, and proxies for social capital. Political representation is understood as a way of 1) establishing the legitimacy of democratic institutions and 2) creating institutional incentives for governments to be responsive to citizens.
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When At the heart of the article is a simple conjecture: representation varies across domains, and the pattern is symmetrical to the pattern of public responsiveness to budgetary policy itself. Analysis of the relationships between opinion and policy over time in the different spending domains supports the conjecture. We propose to add to our understanding of how group interests are represented by conceptualising representation as the policy responsiveness of elected officials. Specifically, we measure policy responsiveness as the amount of American Indian substantive and symbolic legislation proposed and passed in state legislatures. Empirical analysis shows that public responsiveness, like policy representation, varies across policy domains and political institutions (Soroka & Wlezien, 2010). That representation is likely to be greater in salient domains is largely the product of representatives reacting in domains in which publics themselves are monitoring and reacting to policy change, for instance. Policy .
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Chapter 4: Policy responsiveness and democratic quality. 2017-08-08 · Her interests include representation, responsiveness, political inequality, and political participation. Her research appears in, for example, the European Journal of Political Research, the Journal of European Public Policy, Political Studies, and West European Politics. In this book, a group of leading scholars analyzes the functioning of modern democracies by focusing on two basic principles: political representation and policy congruence.
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When educational groups disagree, the low and middle educated have no independent influence on policy. Responsiveness Danielle M. Thomsen and Bailey K. Sanders A growing body of research shows that women legislators outperform their male counterparts in the legislative arena, but scholars have yet to examine whether this pattern emerges in non-policy aspects of representation… 2019-07-12 2015-12-01 Many ethnic minorities demand (adequate) descriptive representation in parliament because they expect it to affect the responsiveness of governments towards their demands. However, the mechanism of how minority representatives affect policy outcomes remains unclear.
Extent to which
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Free 2-day shipping. Buy The Long War Over Party Structure : Democratic Representation and Policy Responsiveness in American Politics (Hardcover) at
Mobilization, Representation, and Responsiveness in the American Democracy. Editors: Oswald, Michael (Ed.) FAQ Policy.
Recent Posts. Political Knowledge and Policy Representation; Boeing & the Public; Lobbying and representation in Switzerland; Opinion polarization in the US Democratic responsiveness is also one paradigm to test the quality of a democracy. The question whether or not governments respond to public wishes leads back to the core principle of representation, which teaches us that governments are the trustee of the people and, thus, are supposed to act in accordance with their preferences. ‘Dynamic Representation’, which found a high degree of policy responsiveness in the United States.11 Other studies of the United States and Western Europe using similar techniques found reasonable levels of responsiveness.12 A noteworthy fact about this entire literature is its focus on the established democracies. descriptive representation may be fruitful and what policy consequences it has. Many studies have concluded that descriptive representation can crucially support the principles of democracy. However, while studies have gained vital insights in the workings of representation, we know much less about what citi-
The chapter assumes the centrality of the responsiveness in a representative democracy.
in Representation" (pdf), PS: Political Science and Politics, nr 2 2008 "Income, Preferences, and the Dynamics of Policy Responsiveness" (pdf), PS:
Workplaces can potentially represent both barriers to full-time work and opportunities for Even if the social and family policies vary among the Nordic countries, the Nordic “Thus, it is obvious that managers' responsiveness and sensitivity. The role of science and expertise in politics and policy processes has been put political recruitment and representation, political leadership, responsiveness,
av PB Raven · 2006 · Citerat av 299 — at the centring point and is applied as an index of CBR responsiveness. A schematic representation of the neural mechanisms mediating
How much value is represented in the abilities of your employees to work well as a team, Policy capturing was used to identify each subject's judgment method. In other words, firms need to be fast and lean and be responsive to change in
även Abou-Chadi, Tarik, “Electoral competition, political risks, and parties' responsiveness to jämställd representation i t.ex. utbildningar och i de flesta fall även med stärkts genom politisk programutveckling - en policy för miljöfrågor har
Pursuant to the ETSI IPR Policy, no investigation, including IPR searches, has been carried out by ETSI. user numbering: decimal representation of dPMR air interface addresses, as seen by the user, i.e.
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Our responsiveness to students' individual needs was certainly a strong av M DAHLBERG · Citerat av 8 — representation i små kommunerna p g a högre valdeltagande. Increase Government Responsiveness to Lo- Representation Increase Policy Influence. av P Adman · 2011 · Citerat av 5 — made using a scale from 0–10, where higher values represent more trust. We summarized lute sense) with Swedish democracy and the responsiveness of the political system.15 Develop- Family Policy, Perceived Stress and Work-Family.
In order to provide a complete picture, the
Om du i samband med representation har kostnader för mat och dryck får du göra avdrag för moms på ett underlag som får vara högst 300 kronor exklusive moms per person och tillfälle. Det innebär att du kan göra avdrag för moms med högst 36 kronor per person om kostnaden enbart gäller mat och alkoholfri dryck, eftersom momsen på dessa varor är 12 procent (12 procent av 300 kronor
ABSTRACTPolitical representation is crucial for the political stability of plural societies. It contributes to political stability by fostering feelings of inclusion and belonging among the minority or by affecting policy responsiveness. representation and it has significantly advanced our understanding of opinion-policy responsiveness.
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Assessed by these two metrics, the Liberian police reform can be considered a qualiﬁed success, as the percentage of female ofﬁcers rose from 2 to 17 per cent, and the LNP responsiveness in the US and European countries.
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In this paper we show that in at least one major policy dimension, redistributive welfare policy, the preferences of the citizens did signiﬁcantly shape Congruence and Responsiveness as Representative Democracy's Currencies, Policy Studies Journal 46 (May 2018): S13–S47. https://doi.org/10.1111/psj.12251 Benjamin Ferland Ideological congruence over government mandates under majoritarian and proportional representation electoral systems , West European Politics 41 , no.2 2 (Sep 2017) : 350–383 . Representation and Policy Responsiveness: The Median Voter, Election Rules, and Redistributive Welfare Spending October 2010 The Journal of Politics 72(04):1014 - 1028 attitudes of constituents and of representatives on policy questions.
decision-making stage, institutional friction will increase and policy responsiveness will decrease since the capacity of policymakers to respond to the public’s demands will be lower (Jones et al . Political representation is understood as a way of 1) establishing the legitimacy of democratic institutions and 2) creating institutional incentives for governments to be responsive to citizens. David Plotke (1997) has noted that this emphasis on mechanisms of authorization and accountability was especially useful in the context of the Cold War. One aspect of democracy, related to the functioning of representation, is political equality. According to Dahl (On democracy, Yale University Press, New Haven, 1998), democracies should be both responsive and treat its citizens as political equals. This latter element may be taken to mean that democracies should be—more or less—equally responsive to their citizens. Footnote 19 It shows that legislators’ responsiveness to the policy preferences and low-income and high-income constituents depends on district-level union membership: as unionization increases, legislators’ responsiveness to low-income constituents increases, while their responsiveness to high-income constituents declines.